Leading civil society organisations and academics are urging the UK’s major food retailers Tesco, Waitrose, Marks and Spencer, Asda, Sainsbury's, Morrisons, Aldi UK, Lidl UK and Co-op UK, not to sell food imported under a trade agreement with the USA or other nations that has been produced to lower standards than those that apply here in the UK. Areas where the USA has lower standards than the UK include: food safety, animal welfare, antibiotics stewardship and environmental standards.
In a letter sent to the CEOs of nine major supermarkets, the 26 signatories warn that a trade deal with the USA could open the floodgates for the import of foods – particularly meat, egg and dairy products – produced to standards lower than those of the UK. This will set the pattern for other trade deals.
Concerns raised in the letter include:
- The import of hormone-treated beef, raised in US cattle feedlots to low animal welfare and environmental standards, which would undercut UK pasture-based beef farmers on price.
- The use of ractopamine, to promote growth in pigs, which is permitted in the USA but prohibited in the UK due to human health concerns. Pork imported from the US is also likely to come from herds where sows are confined in narrow stalls during pregnancy – a practice which has been illegal in the UK since 1999.
- The use of BST (bovine somatotropin), a genetically engineered lactation-promoting hormone, in US dairy cattle to increase milk yields, which is prohibited in the UK on animal welfare grounds. Imported US dairy products from BST-treated cows would undercut UK farmers on price.
- The import of chicken washed in chlorine, or other chemical disinfectants, used to mask dirty conditions in production, slaughter and processing which are banned in the UK because they support intensive methods of farming with lower hygiene and welfare standards.
- Egg powder coming into the UK from hens kept in battery cages in the USA.
- High levels of farm antibiotic use in the US compared with the UK, raising serious concerns about fuelling dangerous anti-microbial resistance.
“These ‘cheap’ US imports may seem like a good deal, but they come at a high cost – to animal welfare, human health and the environment.” says Peter Stevenson, Chief Policy Advisor at Compassion in World Farming. “There is a real danger that these imports would undermine the livelihoods of UK farmers and lower the quality of some foods available to UK consumers.”
“We encourage retailers to commit to retaining current food standards here in the UK as a minimum and not to sell low quality food imported under trade deals.”
Tim Lang, Professor of Food Policy at the Centre for Food Policy, City, University of London, who helped co-ordinate the letter said: “With Government set on making deals with countries which have lower standards, the retailers now have a choice. Will they retain current standards as a minimum or be pushed by Government into creating a two tier market? Many academics from diverse disciplines are acutely aware that not just health, environment and animal welfare are at stake, but public trust in retailers themselves. This is a test case for Food Brexit Britain.”
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